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Prostate cancer is second LEADING CAUSE of cancer death in American men, behind lung cancer.

About Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of death from cancer in American men, behind lung cancer. About one in six men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime. But if diagnosed and treated early, most men will recover.
Here are some more important facts about prostate cancer:

  1. Prostate cancer usually occurs in older men; the median age is 66.
  2. It occurs more frequently in black men than in white men or others.
  3. Men with a family history of prostate cancer are more likely to develop it.
  4. Prostate cancer is generally diagnosed through a biopsy or an imagining procedure.
  5. Treatment options include active surveillance (monitoring), surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy.
  6. The best treatment depends on your age, the grade of the tumor, the stage of the prostate cancer, your symptoms and your general health.


Prostate cancer may not cause symptoms in its early stages. If it is more advanced, it may cause:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Blood in the semen
  • General pain in the lower back, hips or thighs
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Bone pain
  • Erectile dysfunction

You should see your doctor if you have any symptoms that concern you.

A Word About Screening

There is controversy among medical organizations regarding the benefits and risks of screening for prostate cancer, the so-called PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test. This has caused confusion among many men.  In the past, an annual test was encouraged by doctors, but the test yielded many false-positive or false-negative results. It was also found that many men were treated unnecessarily for tumors that were so small they would never have become a problem during their lifetimes.

It’s now recommended that you talk with your doctor about prostate cancer screening and decide together what’s best for you.

Contact Us

If you are interested in learning more about prostate cancer treatment at Rex & UNC, call 919-784-3018 to make an appointment.

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